The festival of Dussehra or Vijayadashami is being celebrated across the nation to mark the victory of good over evil. The festival is also observed to remember the story of braveness, courage, and strength of Goddess Durga, who fought with demon Mahishasura and killed him on this day. Dussehra is celebrated after the nine-day long festival of Navratri during which devotees in India perform Durga Puja and offer prayers to nine avatars of Goddess Durga.
In Hinduism, there is a theory called Samkhya philosophy which has three categories of qualities Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas.
Harmony, goodness, creative and purity are the qualities that represent Sattva. Rajas is the quality of passion, dynamic, egoistic and self-centeredness while Tamas is the quality of chaos, disorder, negative, violent and imbalance.
According to Hinduism, the three qualities Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas has a connection to the Navratri festival.
As we know that Navratri is celebrated for nine days, the first three days represents Tamas, where the Goddess is aggressive. The next three days are Rajas, where the Goddess is gentle and the remaining three days represents Sattva.
Following the nine-day celebration of Navratri festival when people perform Durga Puja, wear colourful clothes, try different food and observe fasting, the 10th day is celebrated as Vijayadashami or Dussehra.
After celebrating Navratri where different days represents different qualities of Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas, the coming of Vijayadashami meaning conquering all these three qualities.
The festival is celebrated differently in different parts of the country. In Bengal, where devotees are fully committed to offer their prayers to Goddess Durga, on the 10th day after Navratri which is Vijayadashmi, idols of Goddess Durga are immersed in water bodies.
People in Maharashtra consider this day auspicious and try to tend to buy new items for household purpose or gadgets for that matter. In Kerala, Vijayadashmi is an occasion when children are introduced to formal education.
In most parts of India, to mark the victory of good over evil, people burn huge effigies of Ravana, his son Meghnad and his brother Kumbhakaran. People in their respective towns, cities visit specified venues to witness the burning of effigies, which has a significance to Indian mythology and epic Ramayana. People also buy toys for children representing and depicting characters, weapons from the epic story.
In Telangana, flower rangolis (A type of art made on the floors) also called Bathukamma are made by women, that means Mother Goddess come alive – to welcome and respect Goddess Durga.
In Mysore, which is a popular tourist destination known for its Dussehra celebrations, the festival is celebrated by worshiping Goddess Chamundeshwari. Illuminating the Mysuru Palace, cultural programmes, Yuva Dussehra, flower show, Jamboo savari, Dussehra exhibition, Torch light parade are other events that takes place here.
2017 Vijayadashami Tithi, Muhurat time
Vijay Muhurat = 14:26 to 15:14 Duration = 0 Hours 47 Mins
Aparahna Puja Time = 13:39 to 16:01 Duration = 2 Hours 22 Mins
Dashami Tithi Begins = 23:49 on 29/ September /2017
Dashami Tithi Ends = 01:35 on 1/ October /2017