Kali puja, one of the biggest festival which is celebrated in Bengal and Assam, will fall on October 19 this year. Kali puja is widely celebrated across the states of Bengal and Assam, and is the second biggest occasion of festivities in Bengal after widely celebrated Durga puja. Most of the times, Kali puja festival coincides with Diwali but sometimes it falls a day before the main Diwali festival. Kali puja is the occasion when people practice tantra vidya and is observed on the new moon day of the Kartik month of the Hindu calendar. Apart from Assam and Bengal, Kali puja is also performed in the state of Odisha. Also, Bangladesh also celebrates the auspicious day with full enthusiasm and passion.
The festival, which has historical and religious importance is also known as Shyam Puja and Mahanisha Puja. Both the rituals are dedicated to Goddess Kali. However, unlike offerings in other rituals during Hindu festivals, Kali puja is usually performed by Aghori Sadhu. It is believed that by doing this, Goddess Kali will shower her blessings on her devotees. On Kali puja, devotees worship Goddess Kali by placing clay sculptures in their house.
Kali puja Vidhi
During Kali puja, devotees offer their prayers to Goddess Kali, who is another incarnation of Goddess Durga. The festival co-exists with Diwali, one of the major festivals celebrated across the country. While Kali puja is done in the presence of Aghori Sadhu, the puja is carried at night and involves tantric rites and mantras. People who worship Maa Kali on occasion offer sweets, rice, fish, meat, hibiscus flowers (red-coloured flowers which are favourite of Maa Kali) to Goddess Kali. At some places, people also celebrate this festival by offernig animals in the form of bali to Goddess Kali while at some places and temples, devotees offer alcohol in the form of prashad (Holy food). Like other pujas, Kali puja is also practised in big pandals or temple courtyards. There are many devotees who observe a fast on this day and breaks it only after offering prayers to Goddess Kali at night. Food such as khichudi, labra or luchi or even vegetables is the bhog (holy food) during this festival.
Kali Puja significance
Devotees worship Goddess Kali, who is the epitome of power, strength, as one of the most significant deities in states like Bengal, Assam and other eastern parts of the country. It is believed that those who worship offer prayers to Goddess Kali, with a pure heart and feelings, the goddess shower her blessings on them as a loving mother to give power and strength. Traditionally, the rituals of this festivals are performed at night and devotees woo Goddess Kali by offering red hibiscus flowers (Maa Kali’s favourite), animal blood in a skull, sweets, rice lentils, fish and meat. Some people also believe that one should meditate from night to morning.
Kali Puja 2017 timings
Kali puja will be performed on October 19 from 23:40 to 24:30.
Kali Puja 2017 muhurat
Amavasya Tithi Begins — 00:13 on Oct 19, 2017
Amavasya Tithi Ends — 00:41 on Oct 20, 2017