New Delhi: A surgical strike is a military attack which has an element of surprise for the adversary and is carried out on foreign soil. Indian Special Forces that carry out surgical strikes comprise of various specially trained commandoes who risk their life and kill enemies in their homeland.
Indian Special Forces displayed its surgical capabilities by penetrating into Myanmar last year and killing militants, people were skeptical if such a strike could be carried out against Pakistan well we all know the answer now.
The special forces of India that carry out operations on foreign soil:
PARA Special Forces: This unit of the Special Forces was created in 1966 after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The force took active part in the 1984 Operation Blue Star. They were deployed in Sri Lanka in 1980s during India's involvement in the civil war, codenamed Operation Pawan. They also saw action in the Operation Cactus in 1988 in Maldives and in the 1999 Kargil War.
MARCOS: This unit of the Indian Navy was created in 1987 by the Indian Navy. The unit saw action during Operation Pawan in 1988. They were also a part of Operation Cactus in 1988. They have also been deployed in Wular Lake which was a major infiltration point for terrorists.
Garud Commando Force: This Indian Air Force Commando unit was unveiled in February 2004. It primarily protects Indian Air Force installations from terrorist attacks. During the 2008 Mumbai Attacks, MARCOS had participated in the operations along with the National Security Guards. Garuds have diverse responsibilities. Besides base protection force to protect airfields and key assets in hostile environments, some advanced Garud units are trained like Army Para Commandos and the Naval MARCOS to undertake missions deep behind enemy lines.
The most famous surgical strike across the globe were conducted by United States (US) and Israel. United States Navy SEALs of the U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group carried out the 'Operation Neptune Spear' in Pakistan and killed Osama bin Laden, the founder and head of the Islamist group Al-Qaeda, in Pakistan on May 2, 2011.
Another successful operation was carried out by Israel at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on 4 July 1976. The name of the operation was 'Operation Entebbe' which was a counter-terrorist hostage-rescue mission carried out by commandos of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).