As nation celebrates the 148th anniversary of ‘Father of the Nation’ Mahatma Gandhi on Monday, we bring you a time of his life. Take a look!
Born on October 2, 1869: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2 in the year 1869 in Porbandar to Karamchand Gandhi and his fourth wife Putlibai.
Began school in 1876: Gandhi’s schooling began in a primary school in Rajkot where he studied subjects like arithmetic, history, the gujarati language and history. Gandhi was shy and fearful child and just about average in studies.
Gandhi got married in 1883: 13-year-old Gandhi tied the knot with 14-year-old Kasturba Gandhi in May 1883.
Karamchand Gandhi’s death in 1885: Gandhi’s father passed away in 1885 when he was just 16. The same year the couple had their first child, who died only a few days later. Mohandas and Kasturba went on to have four more children – all sons.
Gandhi travelled to London to train as Barrister in 1888: Just one month before his 19th birthday,Gandhi travelled to London to study law at University College London and to train as a barrister.
Gandhi’s return to India in 1891: Mohandas returned to India in 1891 and was shocked to find out that his mother had died while he was in England.
Gandhi’s trip to South Afr1ca in 1893: At the age of 23, Gandhi travelled to South Africa. Earlier that year, a Muslim merchant Dada Abdullah, who owned a large shipping business in South Africa, had contacted Gandhi. His distant cousin in Johannesburg needed a lawyer. They offered a total salary of £105 plus travel expenses, which Gandhi accepted.
In South Africa, Gandhi faced racial discrimination, which prompted him to turn towards social activism. Gandhi began to question his people’s standings in the British Empire after witnessing widespread bias against them.
Formation of Natal Indian Congress in 1894: Out of deference to Dadabhai Naoroji, Who had presided over the Indian National Congress in 1893, he called the new organisation Natal Indian Congress. Through this, he moulded the Indian community onto a unified political force.
Return to India from South Africa in 1915: After participating in various civil right movements, Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and was given a grand welcome.
Establishment of Sabarmati Ashram in 1917: Gandhi established the Ashram at the bank of river Sabarmati. The ashram has now been converted to a national monument.
Non-Cooperation Movement begins in 1920: The Movement opened the Gandhi Era in the Indian Independence Movement and took place from September 1920 until February 1922. The programme of “non-violent non-cooperation” included the boycott of councils, courts and schools, set up by the British and of all foreign cloth.
Gandhi arrested in 1922: Gandhi is arrested by the British Government on Charges of inciting violence at Chauri Chaura. He was released two years later even though he had been sentenced to six years, due to a medical condition.
Mahatma Gandhi embarks on the Salt Satyagraha: The Salt Satyagraha was a campaign of nonviolent protest against the British salt tax in colonial India which began with the Salt March to Dandi on March 12, 1930.
Launch of Quit India Movement in 1942 by The All India Congress Committee: The Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or the August Movement) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for immediate independence.
Kasturba Gandhi’s death in 1944: Kasturba Gandhi died after suffering from chronic bronchitis.
United Kingdom Passing of Indian Independence Act in June 1947: The Indian Independence Act 1947 was the legislation passed and enacted by the British Parliament that officially announced the Independence of India and the partition of India.
Aug 15 1947: Tpartition of British India led to the creation, on August 14, 1947 and August 15, 1947, respectively, of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (later Islamic Republic of Pakistan and People’s Republic of Bangladesh) and the Union of India (later Republic of India).
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse in 1948: A great life was cut short when Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse at a prayer meeting on Jan 30, 1948.