Pyongyang: Recent mine blast in Demilitarised Zone border (DMZ) of North and South Korea injuring two South Korean soldiers provoked exchange of artillery fire from both side blaming each other for planting mines in DMZ. This 4 km wide Demilitarised Zone is one of the world’s most protected borders, separating the two Koreas which remain technically at war.

Later on August 10, as a major aspect of its countermeasures, the South Korean military utilized amplifiers to boom hostile to Pyongyang talk over the fringe, resuming broadcasts that had been suspended since 2004.

On the other hand, Kim Jong Un had put up his soldiers on the alert for war.

Amid this high tension, both countries decided to undergo peace talk, which got started on August 22 for hours and this night long negotiations did not come up with concrete solution and they agreed upon second round of talks.

The second round was obfuscated by South Korean claims that the North was pursuing to undermine the negotiations by deploying artillery units to the border and deploying submarines as well.

Historical perspective of border tension between North and South Korea

The Korean War began on June 25 1950 when North Korea attacked South for bringing both the nations together under the North’s administration. The endeavour fizzled with the end of war on July 23, 1953 and both countries underwent an agreement known as Korean Armistice Agreement and Korea is still isolated in two. Both sides keep up armed forces along the outskirt where there is an uneasy peace here and there hindered by trades of big guns shoot.

The war cost more than more two million lives and demolished the economy of Korea for a quarter century. It likewise had suggestions for a more extensive clash, the Cold War. The principle heroes of that political, financial, military and ideological challenge, the Soviet Union and the United States of America, mediated in the Korean War. The Soviet Union and its partner China sponsored North Korea, while the United States accumulated a union under the protection of the United Nations (UN) to bolster the south. One of the 21 UN nations offering backing was Australia which sent very nearly 18,000 armed force, naval force and flying corps faculty. These are recollected in Australia every year, particularly the 340 who passed on, on 24 October, United Nations Day.

Korean Armistice Agreement was signed by William Harrison, US Army Lieutenant General who was representing United Nations Command, North Korean General Nam II representing Korean People’s Army and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. It was designed to insure complete cessation of hostilities and all acts of armed force in Korea until a final peaceful settlement achieved. This also established Korean Demilitarized Zone as de facto a new border between the two followed by cease-fire. DMZ runs not far from 38th parallel which separate North and South Korea before the war.

Later on, both countries were blamed for violating this agreement and emphasised on replacement of Military Armistice Agreement with peace treaty which was not responded well by US. US unilateral support to South Korea worried North and in March, 2013, North Korea declared the scrapping of all non-aggression pacts with South Korea along with other escalations such as closing the border and closing the direct phone line between the Koreas.

So, the relation between the two countries went through many ups and down which was intertwine with reconciliation and antagonism. Expecting successful peace talks seems to be next to impossible.Pyongyang: Recent mine blast in Demilitarised Zone border (DMZ) of North and South Korea injuring two South Korean soldiers provoked exchange of artillery fire from both side blaming each other for planting mines in DMZ. This 4 km wide Demilitarised Zone is one of the world’s most protected borders, separating the two Koreas which remain technically at war.

Later on August 10, as a major aspect of its countermeasures, the South Korean military utilized amplifiers to boom hostile to Pyongyang talk over the fringe, resuming broadcasts that had been suspended since 2004.

On the other hand, Kim Jong Un had put up his soldiers on the alert for war.

Amid this high tension, both countries decided to undergo peace talk, which got started on August 22 for hours and this night long negotiations did not come up with concrete solution and they agreed upon second round of talks.

The second round was obfuscated by South Korean claims that the North was pursuing to undermine the negotiations by deploying artillery units to the border and deploying submarines as well.

Historical perspective of border tension between North and South Korea

The Korean War began on June 25 1950 when North Korea attacked South for bringing both the nations together under the North’s administration. The endeavour fizzled with the end of war on July 23, 1953 and both countries underwent an agreement known as Korean Armistice Agreement and Korea is still isolated in two. Both sides keep up armed forces along the outskirt where there is an uneasy peace here and there hindered by trades of big guns shoot.

The war cost more than more two million lives and demolished the economy of Korea for a quarter century. It likewise had suggestions for a more extensive clash, the Cold War. The principle heroes of that political, financial, military and ideological challenge, the Soviet Union and the United States of America, mediated in the Korean War. The Soviet Union and its partner China sponsored North Korea, while the United States accumulated a union under the protection of the United Nations (UN) to bolster the south. One of the 21 UN nations offering backing was Australia which sent very nearly 18,000 armed force, naval force and flying corps faculty. These are recollected in Australia every year, particularly the 340 who passed on, on 24 October, United Nations Day.

Korean Armistice Agreement was signed by William Harrison, US Army Lieutenant General who was representing United Nations Command, North Korean General Nam II representing Korean People’s Army and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. It was designed to insure complete cessation of hostilities and all acts of armed force in Korea until a final peaceful settlement achieved. This also established Korean Demilitarized Zone as de facto a new border between the two followed by cease-fire. DMZ runs not far from 38th parallel which separate North and South Korea before the war.

Later on, both countries were blamed for violating this agreement and emphasised on replacement of Military Armistice Agreement with peace treaty which was not responded well by US. US unilateral support to South Korea worried North and in March, 2013, North Korea declared the scrapping of all non-aggression pacts with South Korea along with other escalations such as closing the border and closing the direct phone line between the Koreas.

So, the relation between the two countries went through many ups and down which was intertwine with reconciliation and antagonism. Expecting successful peace talks seems to be next to impossible.