75th Independence Day: History and Significance of ‘Tricolour’
14 August, 2022 | Pravina Srivastava
With Independence Day just one day away, there is passion resonating across the country's streets and nooks. Let's take a look at some fascinating details regarding the Indian national flag.
With Independence Day just one day away, there is passion resonating across the country’s streets and nooks. Let’s take a look at some fascinating details regarding the Indian national flag.
At Kolkata’s Parsee Bagan Square, the first Indian national flag was raised on August 7, 1906. The flag’s primary hues were red, yellow, and green. Pingali Venkayya created the first variation, which is more similar to the modern Indian tricolour, in 1921. Its two main colours were red and green.
A historic resolution that designated the tricolour flag as our national flag was adopted in 1931. This flag, the ancestor of the current one, featured Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel in the middle and was made of saffron, white, and green.
Indian Tiranga was formally adopted on July 22, 1947, with a few alterations, including the addition of the saffron and white colours, Ashoka chakra from the lion capital of Emperor Ashoka. The ceremony was held on August 15, 1947.
Three hues make up the Tiranga or Tricolor, with saffron on top denoting the nation’s courage and strength. The central colour of white represents truth and peace. The colour green at the bottom represents the land’s fertility, growth, and good fortune. The Ashoka chakra, also known as the Dharma chakra, is located in the centre and has 24 spokes, representing the idea that life exists in motion and death exists in stillness.
Previously, Indian citizens would only hoist the National Flag on specific occasions. This changed when Naveen Jindal, an industrialist, won a decade-long legal battle that resulted in the historic Supreme Court ruling of January 23, 2004, which proclaimed that the freedom to fly the national flag with respect and dignity is a fundamental right of an Indian citizen under the terms of Article 19(1)(a) of the Indian Constitution.
Central government and Indian people celebrate Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to commemorate the nation’s 75th anniversary of independence with a passion for bringing the Tiranga home and taking part in the “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign.
A campaign called “Har Ghar Tiranga” is being run by Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to get people to bring the Tiranga home and hoist it to commemorate India’s 75th anniversary of independence.
The goal of the initiative is to encourage Indians everywhere to fly the flag at home. Instead of just keeping it formal or institutional, the program’s goal is to make the bond with the national flag more personal.
Earlier on March 12, 2021, the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’s formal journey was underway, beginning a 75-week countdown to our nation’s 75th anniversary of independence.