Coronavirus India: Health Ministry issues revised guidelines for home isolation of patients with mild symptoms
11 May, 2020 | Priyanka Sharma
The total number of coronavirus cases in India has now crossed 67,000 mark with death toll at 2206. India witnessed its biggest single day spike on Sunday with 4,213 new cases.
The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has issued revised guidelines for home isolation of people who either have very mild COVID-19 symptoms or are in the pre-symptomatic phase. It reiterated that such patients with requisite self-isolation facility at their residence will have the option for home isolation.
Eligibility–As per the eligibility for home isolation, the person should be clinically assigned as a very mild case/pre-symptomatic case by the treating medical officer. The ministry said that such cases should have the requisite facility at their residence for self-isolation and also for quarantining the family contacts.
“A caregiver should be available to provide care on a 24×7 basis. A communication link between the caregiver and hospital is a prerequisite for the entire duration of home isolation. The caregiver and all close contacts of such cases should take hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis as per protocol and as prescribed by the treating medical officer,” it stated.
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Also, the Health Ministry asked the people to download Aarogya Setu app on mobile and it should remain active at all times (through Bluetooth and Wi-Fi). Moreover, the patient shall agree to monitor his health and regularly inform his health status to the District Surveillance Officer for further follow up by the surveillance teams. “The patient will fill in an undertaking on self-isolation and shall follow home quarantine guidelines,” the Ministry said.
When to seek medical attention: Patient/Caregiver will keep monitoring their health. Immediate medical attention must be sought if serious signs or symptoms develop. These could include- difficulty in breathing, Persistent pain/pressure in the chest, mental confusion or inability to arouse, developing bluish discolouration of lips/ face and as advised by treating medical officer.
When to discontinue home isolation: Patient undo home isolation will and home isolation after 17 days of onset of symptoms (or date of sampling, for pre-symptomatic cases) and no fever for 10 days. There is no need for testing after the isolation period is over.
Health Ministry has also given instructions to caregivers and patients.
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Instructions for care-givers:
* The caregiver should wear a triple layer medical mask appropriately when in the same room with the ill person. The front portion of the mask should not be touched or handled during use. If the mask gets wet or dirty with accretions. it must be changed immediately. Discard the mask slier use and pertain hand hygiene after disposal of the mask.
* He/She should avoid touching own face, nose or mouth.
* Hand hygiene must be ensured following contact with an ill person or his immediate environment.
* Hand hygiene should also be practiced before and after preparing food, before eating, after using the toilet and whenever hands look dirty. Use soap and water for handwashing at least for 40 seconds. Alcohol-based hand rub can be used if hands are not visibly soiled.
* After using soap and water, use of disposable paper towels to dry hands is desirable. If not available, use dedicated clean cloth towels and replace them when they became wet.
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has issued revised guidelines for home isolation of very mild/pre-symptomatic #COVID19 cases pic.twitter.com/hTPcGRBqxd
— ANI (@ANI) May 11, 2020
Exposure to a patient:
* Avoid direct contact with body fluids of the patient, particularly oral or respiratory secretions. Use disposable gloves while handling the patient. Perform hand hygiene before and after using gloves.
* Avoid exposure to potentially contaminated items in his immediate environment (eg. avoid sharing eating utensils, dishes, drinks. Used towels or bed linen).
* Food must be provided to the patient in his room.
* Utensils and dishes used by the patient should be cleaned with soap/detergent and water wearing gloves. The utensils and dishes may be re-used. Clean hands after taking off gloves or handling the used item.
* Use a triple-layer medical mask and disposable gloves while cleaning or handling surfaces. clothing or linen used by the patient. Perform hand hygiene before and after removing gloves.
* The caregiver will make sure that the patient follows the prescribed treatment.
* The caregiver and all close contact will self-monitor their health with daily temperature monitoring and report promptly if they develop any symptom suggestive of COVID-I9 (fever/cough/difficulty in breathing).
Instructions for the patient:
* Patient should at all times use a triple-layer medical mask. Discard mask after 8 hours of use or earlier if they become net or visibly soiled.
* Mask should be discarded only alter disinfecting it with 1 per cent Sodium Hypochlorite.
* Patient must stay in the identified room and away from other people in the home, especially elderlies and those with co-morbid conditions like hypertension, cardiovascular disease, renal disease etc.
* Patient must take rest and drink a lot of fluids to maintain adequate hydration.
* Follow respiratory etiquettes all the time.
* Hand must be washed often with soap and water for at least 40 seconds or clean with an alcohol-based sanitiser.
* Don’t share personal items with other people.
* Clean surfaces in the room that are touched often (tabletops, doorknobs, handles, etc) with 1 per cent hypochlorite solution.
* The patient must strictly follow the physician’s instructions and medication advice.
* The patient will self-monitor his/her health with daily temperature monitoring and report promptly if develops any deterioration of symptoms.
With an increase of 4,213 cases in the past 24 hours, India’s COVID-19 count reached 67,152 on Monday, according to the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
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