PM Modi Oath Ceremony: Understanding the Cabinet's Role and Responsibilities

The article will discuss the executive powers exercised by the Cabinet and formulate the internal and external policies, so be with the article till the end.

The Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi is set to host the inauguration ceremony for Prime Minister-elect Narendra Modi tonight, June 9th, at 7:15 PM. With preparations for the oath-taking ceremony in full swing, there is ongoing speculation about the composition of the Modi 3.0 Cabinet. As Narendra Modi embarks on his third term as Prime Minister, there is a delicate balancing act at play, navigating between victorious BJP leaders and supportive allies who helped the NDA coalition surpass the critical threshold of 272 seats. Notably, key allies such as the JD(U), TDP, LJP, RLD, and Apna Dal have emerged as pivotal pillars of support for the BJP-led NDA government of 2024. According to sources, cabinet ministers may also take the oath of office today alongside Prime Minister Modi in the Modi 3.0 Cabinet. Amidst these developments, it’s essential to delve into the powers and functions of Cabinet Ministers.

All About the Powers and Functions of the Cabinet

The Cabinet is the top guiding authority, the policy magnet, that coordinates and supervises the whole executive administration of the Union, as well as integrates and leads the activity of Parliament.

A legislative system based on the British model is in place in India, but the Cabinet in India undertakes tasks that the British Cabinet would not dare to take on. For example, article 123 of the Constitution permits the President to issue Ordinances that have the same power and effect as an Act of Parliament.

The role of Cabinet Ministers in shaping Indian governance is pivotal. As the apex decision-making body within the Indian politico-administrative framework, the Cabinet holds significant responsibility. It serves as the primary entity for formulating policies at the central level and holds supreme executive authority. The Prime Minister, serving as the chief coordinator of the central administration, plays a central role within the Cabinet structure.

Furthermore, the Cabinet acts as an advisory body to the President, whose advice holds binding authority, although the President may return advice for reconsideration once. In times of crisis, the Cabinet serves as the principal crisis manager, addressing emergent situations. Additionally, it holds jurisdiction over major legislative and financial matters.

Moreover, the Cabinet wields control over higher appointments, including those within constitutional authorities and senior secretariat administrators. In the realm of international affairs, the Cabinet is instrumental in formulating and executing foreign policies. Thus, the Cabinet Ministers play a multifaceted role in steering and shaping the governance landscape of India.

Ordinances of this nature are issued and proclaimed on the recommendation of the Cabinet and with the authority of the President. As defined in Article 19, Fundamental Rights may be suspended when a Proclamation of Emergency is in effect, and the decision to declare Emergency and suspend Fundamental Rights, as defined in the Presidential Order, including their enforcement, is made by the Cabinet, not the Prime Minister alone.

Watch the Prime Minister’s swearing in ceremony 7 PM tonight, live on NewsX and NewsX Youtube

1. Authority and Decision-making

At the helm of the executive branch, the Cabinet stands as the supreme authority, wielding immense power to guide and supervise the administration of the Union. From formulating key policies to making critical decisions, the Cabinet exercises its authority across various domains, including legislative, administrative, and financial spheres. It is within the purview of the Cabinet to issue Ordinances, declare states of Emergency, and undertake other consequential measures, as mandated by the Constitution.

2. Committee Dynamics

To streamline its functioning and expedite decision-making, the Cabinet operates through various committees, each tasked with specific responsibilities. These committees, such as the Appointments Committee and the Economic Affairs Committee, serve as conduits for in-depth deliberations and policy formulation, ensuring comprehensive governance and effective coordination among different ministries and departments.

3. Appointment and Legislative Powers

The Cabinet holds sway over crucial appointments to high-ranking positions within the government, including judges, ambassadors, and governors, among others. Additionally, it plays a pivotal role in the legislative process, crafting bills, presenting them before Parliament, and shepherding them through the labyrinth of legislative procedures, thereby shaping the legal framework of the nation.

4. Fiscal Oversight and Policy Formulation

A cornerstone of the Cabinet’s responsibilities lies in fiscal oversight and policy formulation. From drafting the annual budget to overseeing government finances, the Cabinet exercises meticulous control over the allocation and utilization of financial resources, ensuring prudent fiscal management and sustainable economic growth. Moreover, it plays a pivotal role in shaping both domestic and foreign policies, charting the nation’s course on matters of defense, diplomacy, trade, and beyond.

5. Executive Leadership and Coordination

As the apex body of governance, the Cabinet provides executive leadership and fosters coordination among various ministries and departments. By delineating roles, setting priorities, and fostering synergy, the Cabinet ensures cohesive and efficient governance, thereby translating policy objectives into tangible outcomes for the benefit of the populace.

In essence, the Modi 3.0 Cabinet embodies the collective will and vision of the people, entrusted with the solemn responsibility of steering the nation towards progress and prosperity. As India embarks on a new chapter of governance, characterized by continuity and innovation, the role of the Cabinet assumes paramount significance in shaping the nation’s destiny. Through effective leadership, prudent decision-making, and unwavering commitment to the public good, the Cabinet stands poised to navigate the myriad challenges and opportunities that lie ahead, forging a path towards a brighter and more inclusive future for all.

ALSO READ: The Modi 3.0 Cabinet: Which Allies Are Likely To Be Inducted?