Lok Sabha Elections 1951 to 2019 Himachal Pradesh: The 17th Lok Sabha elections in Himachal Pradesh were held for the last phase of the 2019 Lok Sabha polls i.e. on May 19, 2019. This year, a total of 45 candidates contested polls for four Lok Sabha constituencies, including Shimla (reserved), Hamirpur, Mandi and Kangra. The contest in Himachal Pradesh has always been between the BJP and the Congress. For the first time in the history of Lok Sabha polls, veteran leaders Virbhadra Singh and Prem Kumar Dhumal are not contesting the general elections from any Lok Sabha seats.

The BJP has fielded Suresh Kashyap from Shimla while the Congress announced the name of veteran leader Dhani Ram Shandil to contest the fight over the seat. In Hamirpur Lok Sabha constituency, BJP’s Anurag Thakur pitted against Congress Ram Lal Thakur. From Kangra seat, BJP fielded Kishan Kapoor against Congress Pawan Kajal. The saffron party had this time denied ticket to the veteran leader and former Union minister Shanta Kumar, who was a four-time MP from the seat. From Mandi Lok Sabha seat, it is a contest between Aashray Sharma of the Congress and sitting BJP MP Ram Swaroop Sharma.

  1. 1st Lok Sabha elections 1951 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  2. 2nd Lok Sabha elections 1957 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  3. 3rd Lok Sabha elections 1962 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  4. 4th Lok Sabha elections 1967 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  5. 5th Lok Sabha elections 1971 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  6. 6th Lok Sabha elections 1977 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  7. 7th Lok Sabha elections 1980 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  8. 8th Lok Sabha elections 1984 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  9. 9th Lok Sabha elections 1989 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  10. 10th Lok Sabha elections 1991 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  11. 11th Lok Sabha elections 1996 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  12. 13th Lok Sabha elections 1999 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  13. 14th Lok Sabha elections 2004 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  14. 15th Lok Sabha elections 2009 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list
  15. 16th Lok Sabha elections 2014 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

1st Lok Sabha elections 1951 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The first-ever Lok Sabha election in Himachal Pradesh was held in 1951-52 for a total of three Lok Sabha seats. Despite the fact that the number of constituencies is relatively lesser than the rest of the states, Himachal Pradesh has always been a key state due to candidates contesting polls. During the first-ever polls in the state, over 5 lakh voters were registered from across the state. A total of 10 candidates contested for the 3 Lok Sabha seats, including Chamba, Mandi and Mahasu.

All the three seats were won by the Congress in Himachal Pradesh. The total voting percentage was recorded at 25.32 per cent while Congress got 52.44 per cent of the total vote share. The rest of the parties including the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party and the Indian Jana Sangh failed to open its account in Himachal Pradesh.

While the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party got 12.26 per cent of the total vote share, the Indian Jana Sangh won 10.72 per cent. The Lok Sabha elections 1951 concluded with forming Congress-led central government. It was the time when India got its first Prime Minister in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. 

2nd Lok Sabha elections 1957 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The second general elections in Himachal Pradesh or 1957 Lok Sabha polls in Himachal Pradesh were held for four Lok Sabha constituencies. From over 6 lakh registered voters, a total of 36.53 per cent voted to elect the second Lok Sabha of India. A total of 15 candidates were listed in the electoral fray in the four constituencies across the state. In 1957 too, the Congress won all the four Lok Sabha seats in Himachal Pradesh. There was no strong Opposition against the Congress so far.

The 1957 Lok Sabha elections in Himachal Pradesh concluded with a total of 47.32 per cent of the votes to the Congress, while 11.81 per cent for the Praja Socialist Party and 29.57 per cent of the Independents. At the centre again the Congress government under the leadership of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

After winning with an absolute majority, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru formed the Congress-led Centre in the country and started his second term. 

3rd Lok Sabha elections 1962 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The third general elections in Himachal Pradesh or 1962 Lok Sabha polls in Himachal Pradesh were also held for four Lok Sabha constituencies. From over 7 lakh registered voters, a total of 35.55 per cent voted to elect the third Lok Sabha of India. A total of 11 candidates contested the electoral battle in the four constituencies across the state. Once again the Congress swept to victory in Himachal Pradesh and won all the four seats.

In the General Elections of 1962, the Congress got 68.65 per cent votes in Himachal Pradesh, while the Independent Party got 12.78%. The Republican Party got 6.56 per cent and Nirokodali 7.52 per cent of the total vote share. For the third consecutive term, the Congress came into power and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the prime minister of India.

4th Lok Sabha elections 1967 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

In the fourth Lok Sabha elections or the 1967 polls in Himachal Pradesh, there were a total of 15,82,315 voters. The total vote cast was recorded at 51.20%. In 1967, the Lok Sabha seats in Himachal Pradesh were raised by 2 making a total of six Lok Sabha seats in the state. A total of 25 candidates contested the fourth Lok Sabha elections in Himachal Pradesh.

 The Bharatiya Jana Sangh did cause a minor downfall to the total votes cast to the Congress. The six constituencies in the fray were Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Mahasu, Mandi and Simla (SC). All the sic constituencies were won by the Indian National Congress only.

While the Congress won a total vote share of 48.35%, the Bharatiya Jana Sangh got 19.62%. The CPI had 2.09 per cent while the Independent Party 4.44 per cent and the Independents 22.48 per cent. After Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s death in 1964, Indira Gandhi became the new prime minister of India. Once again, the Congress formed the government in Centre with a full majority. 

5th Lok Sabha elections 1971 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The fifth general elections in Himachal Pradesh were not much different from those in 1967. Except for 4 Lok Sabha seat, nothing much changed in the 1971 Lok Sabha elections in the state. A total of 17,08, 667 votes were cast for the 20 candidates vying for the respective constituency in the battle. The total vote percentage was recorded at 41.19%.

The Congress once again won all the four seats in the state. The vote share for the Congress was recorded at 75.79%. The Indian Jana Sangh, on the contrary, won 10.64% while the Democratic National Party 5.00 per cent, the CPI 1.65 per cent and the Independents 3.10 per cent of the votes.

In the Centre, the Congress formed the government led by prime minister Indira Gandhi. In 1971, Congress’ Narain Chand won from Hamirpur, Vikram Chand from Kangra, and Virbhadra Singh from Mandi. Simla constituency was also won by the Congress. 

6th Lok Sabha elections 1977 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The Lok Sabha elections 1977 in Himachal Pradesh took place in four Lok Sabha seats. The sixth general election took place across India after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi imposed Emergency in 1975. People were revolting across the nation and were looking forward to giving chance to a new government but the Congress. After 5 years of consecutive wins, the year 1977 was a huge set back for the Indira Gandhi-led Congress government. During the 1977 Lok Sabha polls in India, the Congress government was wiped from across the nation.

In Himachal Pradesh, too, people protested against the Congress and a new party, the Indian Lok Dal (BLD), emerged as the winner in the state. It was the year when Congress did not win a single seat in the state. The total number of the voters registered in the state were 19,61,050 and a total of 59.56 per cent voting was recorded in the state.

While the BLD won a total of 57.19 per cent of votes in Himachal Pradesh in 1977, the Congress got 38.59 per cent. Except for that, the Independents won 2.06 per cent while the CPI got 1.38 per cent.

In 1977, the first non-Congress government came into action in India. Janata Party’s Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India.

7th Lok Sabha elections 1980 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

Till 1980, the Congress was divided into two parts, while the INC (I) continued vying for elections on its own, the INC (R) became a part of an alliance. The seventh Lok Sabha election in Himachal Pradesh and across the country marked the comeback of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Congress-led central government. A total of 29 candidates contested in the 1980 Lok Sabha polls for the four Lok Sabha seats.

The total voter turnout was recorded at 58.71 per cent and there were 21,75,326 voters in Himachal Pradesh during the seventh general elections. After winning all the four Lok Sabha seats by a massive margin, Congress (I) came back to power in Himachal Pradesh and in the country, too.

The Lok Sabha elections in 1980 resulted in Congress (I) winning 52.08 per cent of the total votes while the Janata Party came down to 36.38 per cent. Except for that, the Janata Party (Secular) won 5.31 per cent of the votes while the Communist Party of India won 1.94 per cent. In 1980, the Congress returned to power with huge voter turnout and formed the government in the Centre. 

8th Lok Sabha elections 1984 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

After the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984, the Congress (I) was now in the hands of Rajiv Gandhi. In 1984, a new party also came in force, the Bharatiya Janata Party, which later became one of the strongest Opposition to the Congress. While the BJP did not get a single seat in the 1984 polls in Himachal Pradesh, the Congress swept the state once again. The Congress, once again, won all the four seats – Hamirpur, Kangra, Mandi and Shimla. In Shimla, the party got maximum numbers of votes, 196291.

Congress’ Narain Chand won from Hamirpur, Chandresh Kumari from Kangra, Sukh Ram from Mandi while Krishan Dutt Sultanpuri from the Simla constituency. On the contrary, BJP won 23.27 per cent of the total voter turnout. The Congress won 67.68 per cent votes, the Janata Party got 3.59 per cent while the Independents won 3.31 per cent.

A total of 23,14,024 voters cast their votes in the eight general elections and a total voter turnout was recorded at 61.45 per cent. A total of 31 candidates contested for the polls and the Congress formed its government in the Centre. In 1984, Rajiv Gandhi became the Prime Minister of India.

9th Lok Sabha elections 1989 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The Lok Sabha elections 1989 or the ninth Indian general election in Himachal Pradesh was the time when a bipolar contest began in the state. The state was no more owned by the Congress and Bhartiya Janata Party was about to take over the constituency swifty. Interstingly, a state with relatively smaller area was now of greater importance due to higher stakes and names that were contesting the battle. Finally, there was a strong Opposition and tough competition.

The contest took place for four Lok Sabha seats and three of them were won by the BJP. The constituencies claimed by the BJP, included Hamirpur, Kangra and Mandi while the Simla constituency was won by the Congress. In 1989, BJP’s Prem Kumar Dhumal won from the Hamirpur constituency and became a political bigwig soon. Shanta Kumar won Kangra while Maheshwar Singh won from Simla.

A total of 33 candidates took place in the contest in 1989 for the four Lok Sabha seats. A total of 29,83,359 voters took part in the 9th general election in 1989 in Himachal Pradesh and the state recorded a total of 63.95 per cent voting. The BJP in 1989 Lok Sabha polls garnered 45.25 per cent votes while the Congres got 41.97 per cent of the votes.

After the 9th Lok Sabha elections in the country, the non-Congress government was formed under the leadership of Janata Party in the centre and Morarji Desai.

10th Lok Sabha elections 1991 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The Lok Sabha elections 1991 in Himachal Pradesh witnessed a neck to neck fight between the BJP and the Congress as both the parties won two seats each in the 10th Lok Sabha elections. While the Hamirpur and Kangra constituency went into BJP’s kitty, Mandi and Shimla were won by the Indian National Congress. Prem Kumar Dhumal has again won the Hamirpur constituency while Mandi was with Congress’ Sukh Ram. During the 1991 Indian general elections in Himachal Pradesh, a total of 30,76,182 voters had cast their votes.

The total voter turnout was recorded at 57.43 per cent in tenth Lok Sabha elections in Himachal Pradesh. In the 1991 polls, a total of 46 candidates contested for the elections. The total vote percentage for the Congress was recorded at 46.16 while it was 42.79 for the BJP.

The remaining parties including the Janata Party, Janata Dal and Independent got 1.29 per cent, 1.45 per cent and 7 per cent of the total votes. While there was no clear majority at the Centre, the Left extended its support to the Congress. In 1991, PV Narasimha Rao was elected as the Prime Minister of India.

11th Lok Sabha elections 1996 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The 1996 Indian general elections in India took place to elect the members of 11th Lok Sabha. While the 1996 Lok Sabha elections resulted in a hung parliament with neither top two leading securing a mandate and HD Deve Gowda from Janata Dal being the Prime Minister for a short interval of time. The unstable parliament resulted in pushing the country back to polls in 1998. In Himachal Pradesh, a total of 54 candidates vied for four LoK Sabha seats. While the Congress came back to power in the centre, none of the party, except for the Congress was able to open its account in Himachal Pradesh.

Congress’ Major General Vikram Singh, Sat Mahajan, Sukh Ram and KD Sultanpuri won all the four constituencies — Hamirpur, Kangra, Mandi and Simla. While The Congress won 54.33 per cent of the total votes, the BJP got 39.62 per cent in the 11th Lok Sabha polls.

A new party also contested the election, All India Indira Congress (Tiwari) party and got 0.22 per cent of the total votes. After the 1996 Lok Sabha polls, the Congress formed an alliance with the Left and HD Deve Gowda of Janata Dal (Secular) became the Prime Minister of India.

13th Lok Sabha elections 1999 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

After back to back two failed Lok Sabha elections in the country, the thirteenth Lok Sabha elections were held between September 5 and October 3, a few months after the dastardly Kargil War. During the Lok Sabha elections 1999 in Himachal Pradesh, the Congress felt a massive setback as it failed to open its account in the state. It was the second time the Congress had failed to win a single seat in the state. Earlier, the situation occurred after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had announced Emergency in 1975.

While the Bharatiya Janata Party contested and won three Lok Sabha constituencies, one seat was won by the Himachal Vikas Congress. BJP’s Suresh Chandel won from Hamirpur constituency while Shanta Kumar and Maheshwar Singh won Kangra and Mandi Lok Sabha constituency. Lt Col Dhani Ram Shandil of Himachal Vikas Congress won Simla constituency.

The total voter turnout recorded during 1999 Lok Sabha polls was 56.78 per cent in the state. The BJP had won 46.27 per cent of the total votes while the Congress got 39.52 per cent. The HVC has got 12.37 per cent votes in the Lok Sabha polls 1999.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led NDA government was formed at the Centre. The NDA was a coalition of the BJP and other right-wing parties led by the BJP itself.

14th Lok Sabha elections 2004 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The 14th Lok Sabha elections in Himachal were held between April 20 to May 10, 2004. Once again the Congress returned in power at the Centre and in Himachal Pradesh. While the Congress-led coalition called the UPA formed government, Dr Manmohan Singh was elected as the Prime Minister of India. In Himachal Pradesh, the Congress made a comeback and won three constituencies while one of the seats was won by the BJP. A total of 59.71 per cent votes were cast in the state during 2004 Lok Sabha elections.

During the 14th Lok Sabha elections, the Congress got 51.89 per cent of the total votes while the BJP got 44.24, the BSP got 1.74 and Independents got 1.64 per cent of the total votes. Three constituencies won by the Congress were Mandi, Kangra and Simla. The Hamirpur Lok Sabha seat was the sole constituency won by the BJP in 2004 Lok Sabha elections in Himachal Pradesh.

BJP’ Suresh Chandel won from Hamirpur while Congress’ Chander Kumar, Pratibha Singh and Dhani ram Shandil won from Kangra, Mandi and Simla constituency

15th Lok Sabha elections 2009 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The Indian general election, 2009 in Himachal Pradesh were held for 4 Lok Sabha seats. The total voter turnout was recorded at 58.43 per cent in the Lok Sabha elections 2009 in Himachal Pradesh. The BJP took over three of the four Lok Sabha constituencies in Himachal Pradesh while one of them was bagged by the Congress. From Mandi, Congress’ Virbhadra Singh was elected as the MP while from Kangra, Rajan Sushant won the contest.

From Hamirpur constituency, Prem Kumar Dhumal’s son Anurag Thakur emerged as the winner. The Shimla constituency was won by the BJP’s Virender Kashyap. While the BJP got 49.58 per cent of the total vote cast, the Congress got 45.61 per cent.

The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) led by the Indian National Congress formed the government after obtaining the majority of seats based on strong results in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Manmohan Singh became the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962 to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

 

16th Lok Sabha elections 2014 Himachal Pradesh: Full winners list

The Indian general election, 2014 in Himachal Pradesh were held in a single phase on May 7, 2014. The elections took place for 4 Lok Sabha seats. The total voter turnout was recorded at 64.45 per cent in the Lok Sabha elections 2009 in Himachal Pradesh. The BJP took over all the four Lok Sabha seats in Himachal while the Congress failed to open its account in the state. The total percentage of the votes won by the BJP was 53.85% while the Congress got 41.07% of the total votes.

Mandi constituency was won by ram Swaroop Sharma while Shanta Kumar won from Kangra constituency. BJP’s Anurag Singh Thakur won from Hamirpur seat while BJP’s Virender Kashyap won in Shimla. A total of 50 candidates had contested in the 16th Lok Sabha elections in 2014.

BJP-led NDA formed the government at the centre after 10 years of the Congress rule. BJP leader and former Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi was elected as the Prime Minister of India.

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