New Delhi: Diabetes is a common metabolic disease in which the blood glucose, or blood sugar levels are too high. It is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes, and it happens because of too much of sugar in cells, lack of exercise, etc.
People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called hyperglycemia.
With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make Insulin and Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose gets into our cells to give us energy. With type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well, without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood (Glucose comes from the foods we eat). Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems.
It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, strokes, and even cancer.
“Never Underestimate The Power Of A Diabetic”, says Dr. Kanwarjeet Singh, MD. Medicine Consultant Physician & Cardio Diabetologist, Amandeep Hospital. He further added. “Let’s spread awareness regarding diabetes and its bad effects on health. As diabetes is the silent killer, which kills part by part of our life, So start caring, before its too late.”
The World Health Organization projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030. Diabetes prevalence has been rising more rapidly in middle- and low-income countries.
To cure diabetes, the first step is to detect it.
When an individual notices his or her blood glucose higher than normal, it is an indication to start taking action.
In addition to this, if your doctor tells that you have insulin resistance or pre-diabetes, it is very important that one starts making modifications in his/her lifestyle so as to reverse the conditions and not letting them turn into a full blown diabetes. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body cannot effectively use the insulin produced by it, due to this glucose build up in the blood. Insulin resistance sets the stage for pre-diabetes and diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes:
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the body no longer makes insulin because the body’s own immune system has attacked and destroyed the cells where insulin is made. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to live.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body either does not make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin. The risk of having type 2 diabetes increases as a person gets older. Type 2 diabetes has been linked to obesity, genetic risk factors, and inactivity.
Complications Of Diabetes:
·         Kidney Disease – Diabetes can damage the kidneys and may lead to kidney failure.
·         Nerve Damage – Diabetes can cause damage to the nerves that run through the body.
·         Heart Disease – People with diabetes have a higher risk for heart attack and stroke.
·         Eye Complications – People with diabetes have a higher risk of blindness and other vision problems.
·         Skin Complications – Diabetes can cause skin problems, such as infections, sores, and itching. Skin problems are                                               sometimes a first sign that someone has diabetes.
·         Foot Problems – Nerve damage, infections of the feet, and problems with blood flow to the feet can be caused by diabetes.
Treatment of diabetes involves diet, exercise, and physical activity. These practices mentioned below might help. Have a look.
1.  Replace processed grains with complex grains
Diabetics should reduce the intake of wheat, rice and maida. These grains should be replaced with rye flour, barley flour, barley dalia, buckwheat (kuttu) flour. Brown or red rice or unpolished rice with husk should be preferred. Besides this, try to limit the intake of grains. Balance your diet with good protein sources, vegetables, good oils and fruits.
2.  Protein at each meal
Metabolic Balance program, a scientific nutrition program developed by a German doctor and a nutritionist advises to have a protein at each meal to regulate the blood sugar levels. The program also advocates of having a different protein at each meal to have the complete and adequate amino acid intake. Eg: having eggs for breakfast, lunch- legumes/ beans, Dinner- Paneer/ cheese.
3.  Include salads and vegetables
It is important for diabetic people and everybody in general to have adequate amount of salad/ vegetables in at least 2 of their meals, i.e. lunch & dinner.
4.  Include a fruit
Diabetics need not be afraid of including fruits to their diet. Metabolic Balance program suggests having a fruit after a meal so that unnecessary insulin surges are avoided. Eg: Diabetics may have an apple after breakfast, papaya or guava after lunch. Diabetics must avoid fruit juices as they can spike the blood sugar levels. It is always good to have only one fruit at a time. Mixing of fruits in a meal should also be avoided due to presence of different types of sugars in different fruits.
5.  Good oils
Metabolic Balance program recommends the intake of good oils such as ghee, virgin coconut oil, mustard oil, virgin olive oil, flaxseed oil etc. If we have very little oil in our diet, we might end up eating more cereals to fill up ourselves. Good oils not only provide us satiety but are also essential for omega-3 intake and absorption of oil soluble vitamins.
6.  Natural uncooked food
Natural food is the best medicine for all types of diseases. Food such as sprouts, fruits, nuts and so on can be taken raw. Eating a diet rich in fibre helps the body to absorb sugars slowly, which in turn keeps blood sugar levels balanced. Apples, apricots, beets, berries, carrots, citrus fruits, parsnips, and winter squash are some fruits and vegetables, which are rich in soluble fibre. This way the intake of processed foods is also reduced.
7.  Water
Water – saves life. Make sure you drink plenty of water throughout the day. It helps with digestion, flush out the toxins from the body. Water keeps the metabolism going on well.
8.  Regular exercise
Regular exercises help insulin to work better, improve diabetes management, maintain a healthy weight, lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease and reduce stress. Everybody benefits from regular exercise. If you have diabetes, or are at a risk of diabetes,  exercise plays an important role to make you healthy. Regular exercises can be performed in any form, it could be in the form of morning and evening walk, running, jogging, light weight exercises, push-ups, or whatever suits you. The main aim behind the exercise is to improve the blood flow throughout the body so that it can maintain the proper supply of nutrients and oxygen to all the body parts and help you stay fit.
‘Metabolic balance boost your health and wellbeing, increase your energy, restore your metabolism & help you lose weight naturally. But when it comes to diet or sugar control, one should try home remedies that actually works better, and leads to a new invigorating lifestyle, says Dr.Taranjeet Kaur, Metabolic balance coach & Sr. nutritionist, AktivOrtho.
Home Remedies for Diabetes
Bitter Gourd: Remove the seeds of 2-3 bitter gourds and use a juicer to extract the juice, mix in some water and then drink it, follow this treatment daily in the morning for at least 2 months.
Cinnamon: Drink a cup of water mixed with 1-teaspoon cinnamon powder daily. One can also add cinnamon to warm beverages, smoothies and baked goods.
Indian Gooseberry (Amla): Mix 2 teaspoon Indian gooseberry juice in one cup of water and drink it daily on an empty stomach, or mix 1-teaspoon gooseberry juice with the cup of bitter gourd juice and drink it daily for a few months.
Curry leaves: Having a few curry leaves before or with the meal help manage the sugar levels.