The nation is celebrating Gurpurab today on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Ji also known as Guru Nanak Gurpurab. Guru Nanak ji is the founder of Sikhism and first of the 10 Sikh Gurus. The occasion is also known as Kartik Pooranmashi when the world celebrates Guru Nanak Ji’s birthday. Gurpurab is one festival in Sikhism which is considered to be most sacred. This year Guru Nanak Jayanti is being celebrated on November 4. The festival which is celebrated for 3-days comprised of mass celebrations where people in the community worshipping their religious gurus, reading verses, visiting Gurdwaras and conducting prabhat pheris. 

Who was Guru Nanak ji?

The founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak ji was the first of the 10 Sikh Gurus. Guru Nanak ji had born in 1469, in village Talwandi of Punjab province which is known as Nankana Sahib situated near the city of Lahore now a part of Pakistan. Guru Nanak ji was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and discovered a spiritual, social and political platform based on equality, fraternal love, goodness and virtue. Guru Nanak ji had people who always used to be with him. His two companions — first Bhai Mardana Ji, who was the first Sikh and longtime companion of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and second was Bhai Bala, who was a supposed childhood friend and remained a constant companion of Bhai Mardana and Guru Nanak ji during his entire life period.

Guru Nanak ji’s contribution to humanity 

The first Guru in Sikhism, Guru Nanak ji had preached about equality of humans, equality of women and that they should be respected. Guru Nanak ji’s universal message for all people in the world was in the form of his concept of one supreme God. Guru Nanak ji’s  words are saved in form of 974 poetic hymns in the holy text of Sikhism called the ‘Guru Granth Sahib’.

Guru Nanak ji’s teachings

Guru Nanak Ji had formalised three pillars of Sikhism which were Naam Japna, Kirat Karni and Vand Chakna.

  • Naam Japna (Focus of God): Guru Nanak ji had told people in Sikh community to practice meditation to God through ways like through chanting, singing religious poems, simmering Guru’s name.  
  • Kirat Karni (Kirat Karni): Guru Nanak ji conveyed this message through his teaching that one should not leave their work in the daily life which means ‘do not leave your Karma’ and dharma (honesty).
  • Vand Chakna (Sharing with others): Guru Nanak ji also preached about doing social service and indulge in practices like sharing and giving.