Karwa Chauth, an important Hindu festival is being celebrated today by married women for longevity and safety of their husbands. The festival is quiet popular in northern India, especially in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab and is observed during Kartik month of Hindu calendar, just a few days before Diwali.

Here is everything you must know about the festival:

How is Karwa Chauth celebrated?

Women wake up before sunrise at around 4 am to consume food known as ‘sargi’ prepared by their mother-in-law. Once the meal is taken,they do not consume anything during the day. They pray for safety and longevity of their partner in the evening and break the fast after sighting the moon.

What is the significance of Karwa Chauth?

As per Mahabharata, Karwa Chauth’s origin can be traced back to the time Savitri requested Lord Yama, god of death for her husband’s soul . Another episode of Mahabharata talks about an episode when Draupadi observed a fast for Arjuna when he went to nilgiris to pray, and  soon returned home.

What is sargi?

As per the tradition, the mother-in-law presents their daughter-in-laws with a thali known as sargi which consists of eatables like mithai, matthri, dry fruits, coconut and gifts along with saris and jewellery.

What rituals are performed during Karwa Chauth Puja? 

A community ceremony is performed for married women before sighting of the moon. Women dress up for the occasion and sit in a circle with their thalis when stories of Karwa Chuath are narrated. After this, women pray for safety of their spouses. They exchange their clay pots seven time to complete the pheras. The process is completed by offering food to deity.

What is the muhurat timing for puja this year?

The muhurat timing for Karwa Chauth this year is between 6:17 pm to 7:31 pm on October 8.