Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday paid tribute to ‘Father of the Nation’ Mahatma Gandhi and former prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri on their birth anniversaries. He also paid homage to both on micro-blogging site Twitter

“My respects to Gandhi Ji. I bow to beloved Bapu on #GandhiJayanti. His noble ideals motivate millions across the world,” PM Modi tweeted.

Paying his respect to Lal Bahadur Shastri, PM tweeted “My respects to Shastri Ji, who inspired farmers, jawans & gave nation able leadership. Remembering #LalBahadurShastri ji on his Jayanti.”

PM Modi also visited Mahatma Gandhi’s memorial at Rajghat to pay tribute to ‘Bapu’. Besides Modi, Vice-president Venkaiah Naidu, former prime minister and senior Congress leader Manmohan Singh and BJP veteran leader LK Advani also visited the site to pay homage to Gandhi.

Cleanliness drives will be conducted across the country today to promote ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ , a flagship mission of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which aims at making people aware about the advantages of cleanliness. The Abhiyan had taken off on October 2, 2014.

Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani will launch ‘Swachchata-ni 60-Minute’, meaning ’60 Minutes of Cleanliness’ mass campaign, as part of ‘Swachch Bharat Mission’, today. School students  will also partcipating in cleanliness drives to mark the occasion.

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, and passed away on January 30, 1948.Poularly known as Bapu, Gandhi played a key role in the Indian Independence movement, which resulted in India gaining freedom on August 15. 1947.

2nd October also happens to be birth anniversary of former prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri who was born in 1904 in Mughalsarai. Shastri joined the Indian independence movement in the 1920s. He was the second prime minister of India. Shastri passed away on January 11, 1966, a day after signing the Tashkent Declaration. The cause of death was said to be a heart attack but many allege a conspiracy behind it.