On 27th September 1925, a young Indian hailing from Nagpur founded the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He was Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, popularly known as ‘doctor ji’. Born on 1st April 1889, Hedgewar lost both his parents to a plague at the age of 13.
After being rusticated for singing Vande Matram against the British government’s wishes, Hedgewar completed his higher studies at the Rashtriya Vidyalaya in Pune. A physician by profession, Hedgewar returned to Nagpur in 1915.
He went on to work for the Inc in the 1920s, but disillusioned by the policies of the party, Hedgewar began thinking about other alternatives of nation-building.
Influenced by Savarkar and Tilak, Keshav Hedgewar founded the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in 1925 on the auspicious day of Vidaydashmi.
Months before his death in June 1940, he delivered a speech saying: ‘I see before my eyes today a miniature Hindu Rashtra’.