Three US scientists, Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W Young have been awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize on Monday in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm. The scientists were able to peek inside the human biological clock and further clarified its inner workings. The human biological clock is the reason we want to sleep during the night. It also plays an important role it brings significant changes in behavior and body function.Whether it’s plants, animals or human body, a clock ticks in every cell.

“Their discoveries explain how plants, animals, and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with the Earth’s revolutions,” said the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, in a statement. The laureates isolated a gene that controls the normal daily biological rhythm by using fruit flies as a model organism. Both Jeffrey C. Hall and Michael Rosbash worked at Brandeis University. Jeffrey hails from New York and Rosbash is from Kansas City. Michael Young was born in Miami and worked at Rockefeller University. As per sources, The Nobel prize committee also said that their research had “vast implications for our health and wellbeing”.