Monday, December 4, 2023

Uddhav Thackeray or Eknath Shinde: SC allows EC to decide which faction is the ‘real’ Shiv Sena

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The Supreme Court on Tuesday granted the Election Commission of India (ECI) the authority to decide whether section of the Shiv Sena is the true Shiv Sena, as claimed by factions led by Uddhav Thackeray and Chief Minister Eknath Shinde.

A five-judge Constitution bench led by Justice DY Chandrachud refused to halt proceedings before the Election Commission on the Shinde group’s claim to be the ‘real’ Shiv Sena. The panel, which also included Justices MR Shah, Krishna Murari, Hima Kohli, and PS Narasimha, denied the Uddhav Thackeray group’s request for a stay of proceedings before the EC until the Supreme Court resolved the fundamental matter before it.

“We direct that there would be no stay of the proceedings before the Election Commission of India. Accordingly, the Interlocutory Application is dismissed,” the bench stated in its order after a day-long hearing.
The ECI will now also look at the issue of allotment of Shiv Sena’s traditional bow and arrow symbol of the party.

Earlier, the apex court had verbally asked the poll panel to not take any precipitative action on the issue.
Thackeray group had filed an application before the top court seeking direction to restrain the Election Commission from deciding the claim raised by the Shinde faction for recognition as the official Shiv Sena party.

During the hearing, Senior advocate Kapil Sibal, appearing for the Thackeray group, argued that Shinde has incurred disqualification as his various acts amount to voluntary giving up of the party membership under Paragraph 2(1)(a) of the Tenth Schedule and also he has violated the party whip.
He said that allowing the Election Commission to decide Shinde’s claim can result in “irreparable damage” to the Thackeray group.

Senior advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi also appearing for the Thackeray camp contended that “In whatever form the Shiv Sena exists today, they have no claim that they have merged with the BJP. You (Shinde group) have left the Shiv Sena, but you want the goodwill of Shiv Sena and so you won’t merge.”

Senior advocate Neeraj Kishan Kaul, appearing for the Shinde group, claimed that over 1.5 lakh party members had sent their representations to the Election Commission supporting the Shinde group.
Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, appearing for the Maharashtra Governor, told the bench that the Election Commission should be allowed to discharge its duties.

He said, “This is a political question and it is not the first time that such a split has happened and to decide which faction is the real party. It is the election commission which is equipped to look into this.”

The top court is seized of several petitions filed by rival groups of Shiv Sena in relation to the Maharashtra political crisis.

In August, the top court’s three-judge bench had referred to a five-judge Constitution bench the issues involved in the petition filed by rival groups of Shiv Sena in relation to the Maharashtra political crisis.

Earlier, the Supreme Court three-judge bench had said that some of the issues involved in the Maharashtra political crisis may require a larger Constitutional bench for consideration.

It had also asked the Speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, Rahul Narwekar not to take any action on the new disqualification notices issued against the members of Shiv Sena. There are various petitions pending before the apex court filed by both the factions of Shiv Sena.

Thackeray-led faction had approached the top court challenging the Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshiyari’s decision to invite Eknath Shinde to form the government and also the Speaker’s election and floor test. Later they had challenged the Shinde group approaching poll panel claiming they are ‘real’ Shiv Sena.

They have also contested the newly appointed Maharashtra Assembly Speaker’s decision to recognise the Eknath Shinde group’s whip as the Shiv Sena whip. According to the petition, the newly constituted Speaker lacks the authority to recognise whips named by Shinde since Uddhav Thackeray remains the official party leader of the Shiv Sena.

Sunil Prabhu of the Thackeray camp has filed a petition in the Maharashtra Assembly demanding the suspension of new Chief Minister Eknath Shinde and 15 dissident MLAs who are facing disqualification proceedings.

Shinde groups have contested the Deputy Speaker’s disqualification letters given to 16 rebel MLAs, as well as the nomination of Ajay Choudhary as Shiv Sena Legislature Party leader, which is also pending before the Supreme Court.

On June 29, the top court gave a go-ahead to the floor test in the Maharashtra Assembly on June 30. Refusing to stay the Maharashtra Governor’s direction to the then Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray to prove his majority support on the floor of the House on June 30, the bench had issued notice on Prabhu’s plea against floor test.

After the apex court’s order, Uddhav Thackeray announced his resignation as the Chief Minister and Eknath Shinde was later sworn in as the Chief Minister.

On June 27, the top court granted interim relief to Shinde and other rebel MLAs to file their reply to disqualification notices issued to them by Deputy Speaker by July 12, 5.30 pm. Earlier, Deputy Speaker had granted them time to file a reply by June 27, 5.30 pm. 

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