India is not only Sri Lanka’s largest neighbour but it is in sense Sri Lanka’s only neighbour besides the Maldives archipelago. There are three major areas of contemporary concern. 
Firstly, ensuring the civic, political,human and economical rights of the Sri Lanka Tamils within the framework of preserving the unity and integrity of the island nation. Secondly, finding a definitive solution to the vexed question of the rights of fisherman of two countries. 
The third major issue is about striking a balance between India and China in Sri Lanka’s external relations.