The Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF) launched Operation Pawan in 1987 to take control of Jaffna from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and disarm the Tigers as part of the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord. The force was initially not
expected to be involved in any significant combat.
However, within a few months, the IPKF became embroiled in battle with the LTTE to enforce peace. Soon, these differences led to the LTTE attacking the IPKF.
The IPKF began withdrawing from Sri Lanka in 1989, following the election ofthe VP Singh government in India. The last IPKF contingents left Sri Lanka in March 1990.