New Delhi: A unanimous award has been issued in the South China arbitration case by the former Philippines government on Tuesday. Judges at the arbitration tribunal rejected China’s claim to historic rights to large parts of the South China Sea. In the China Sea ruling, Philippines has claimed victory.
 
China has repeatedly stated, “It will neither accept nor participate in the arbitration unilaterally initiated by the Philippines.”
 
The court said that there was no legal basis for China to claim historic rights to resources within the sea areas falling within the ‘nine-dash line.’
 
The tribunal during the ruling considered entitlements to maritime areas. The tribunal first undertook that high tide generates an entitlement to at least 12 nautical mile territorial sea. 
 
The tribunal also considered the lawfulness of Chinese actions in the South China Sea. 
 
Judges also found that Chinese law enforcement patrol had risked colliding with Philippines fishing vessels and caused irreparable damage to coral reefs with construction work.
 
In reaction to the South China Sea ruling, China said, “The arbitration tribunal made the illegal and invalid so-called final verdict on the South China Sea dispute on July 12. Regarding this issue, China has made the statement many times that it is against the international law that the Aquino III administration of Philippines unilaterally requested the arbitration. The arbitration tribunal has no jurisdiction on this matter.”