India likely to overtake China as world’s most populated nation in 2023, acc to UN

12 July, 2022 | Riya Girdhar

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India is anticipated to overtake China as the world's most populated nation in 2023, according to a UN assessment.

According to a report released by the UN on Monday, India will overtake China as the world’s most populated nation in 2023. According to the analysis, just eight countries—including India—will account for half of the predicted rise in world population up to 2050.

According to the World Population Prospects 2022 report by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, India is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populated nation in 2023. The research also stated that by November 15, 2022, there will be eight billion people on the planet.

Just eight nations—the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania—will account for more than half of the predicted growth in the world’s population by 2050.

The UN research stated that “differing population growth rates among the world’s largest countries will shift their position by size.”

Eastern and South-Eastern Asia had 2.3 billion people (or 29% of the world’s population) in 2022, and Central and Southern Asia had 2.1 billion people. These two Asian regions were the most populous in the world (26 per cent). With populations of about 1.4 billion apiece, China and India made up the majority of the people in these two areas.

According to the paper, the coronavirus pandemic’s effects were mostly to blame for the decline in the world’s life expectancy at birth, which dropped from 72.8 years in 2019 to 71 years in 2021.

The percentage of people in the world over the age of 65 is anticipated to increase from 10% in 2022 to 16% in 2050.

Globally, the number of people 65 and older is expected to surpass that of people under the age of 5 by 2050 and be almost equal to that of those under the age of 12.

The article stated, “Migration will be the only factor influencing population increase in high-income nations during the coming few decades. Contrarily, an excess of births over deaths will continue to drive population growth in low-income and lower-middle-income countries for the foreseeable future.”