PM Modi meets King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
14 September, 2022 | Vaishali Sharma
Prime Minister Narendra Modi met with Bhutan’s King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, on Wednesday. Wangchuck also met with Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra and will meet with National Security ...
Prime Minister Narendra Modi met with Bhutan’s King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, on Wednesday.
Wangchuck also met with Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra and will meet with National Security Advisor Ajit Doval later today. Bhutan adopted the International Solar Alliance Framework Agreement on Tuesday.
“Ambassador of Bhutan to India Maj Gen Vetsop Namgyel handed over the instrument of ratification to Secretary ER Dammu Ravi, in the presence of DG International Solar Alliance,” tweeted the Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Arindam Bagchi.
The Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation signed by India and Bhutan in 1949 served as the foundation of bilateral ties between the two nations.
It urged both countries to maintain peace and refrain from interfering in each other’s domestic affairs. In 2007, the Treaty was amended.
Bhutan, on the other hand, pledged to let India steer its foreign policy and to consult closely on foreign and defence issues.
The diplomatic relations were established in 1968, when India opened a special office in Thimphu.
India and Bhutan have a variety of institutional and diplomatic procedures in place in sectors such as security, border control, commerce, transportation, economic, hydropower, development cooperation, water resources, and so on.
Bhutan has a 699-kilometer border with four Indian states: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and Sikkim, and serves as a buffer between India and China.
Bhutan is vital to India as a buffer state because it protects the chicken neck corridor from China.
The Siliguri Corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck, is a 22-kilometer-long thin strip of land. It is located in the Indian state of West Bengal and connects India’s north-eastern states to the rest of the country, with Nepal and Bangladesh on each side of the corridor.
The Doklam standoff reaffirmed Bhutan’s strategic importance to India.
The trade between the two countries is governed by the India-Bhutan Trade and Transit Agreement of 1972. India is Bhutan’s largest trading partner.
The relationship between the two countries benefits the North Eastern States with increased trade and commerce relationship with Bhutan will be highly beneficial to landlocked Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.
India has constructed three Hydroelectric Projects (HEPs) in Bhutan: Chukha HEP, Kurichhu HEP, and Tala HEP, operational and exporting surplus power to India.
Recently, India completed a 720 MW Mangdechhu Hydroelectric Power Project and both sides are expediting the completion of other ongoing projects including the 1200MW Punatsangchhu-1 & 1020MW Punatsangchhu-2.